新闻晚知道:今天你可能错过的大事儿

①北京冬奥会和冬残奥会志愿者全球招募启动
②浙江卫视还原高以翔事件,永久停播《追我吧》
③北京男篮球员吉喆肺癌去世:年仅33岁,三夺CBA总冠军

【时事】北京冬奥会和冬残奥会志愿者全球招募启动

12月5日,在第34个国际志愿者日,北京冬奥组委面向全球发布北京2022年冬奥会和冬残奥会赛会志愿者招募公告,赛会志愿者全球招募正式启动。志愿者将分布于北京赛区、延庆赛区、张家口赛区及其他场所、设施等地服务,服务类别包括:对外联络服务、竞赛运行服务、媒体运行与转播服务、场馆运行服务等12类。详情>>

【娱乐】浙江卫视还原高以翔事件,永久停播《追我吧》

今日,钱江晚报记者对浙江卫视总监林涌进行了独家采访,林涌表示:“在高以翔回到家乡、大陆部分的后事处理暂告一段落之时,我们决定公开相关情况,并永久停播《追我吧》节目。”详情>>

【体育】北京男篮球员吉喆肺癌去世:年仅33岁,曾三夺CBA总冠军

今日凌晨,33岁的北京首钢队员吉喆确认因肺癌不幸去世。2012年,吉喆加盟北京首钢男篮效力至今。2011-2012赛季、2013-2014赛季和2014-2015赛季,吉喆以主力身份随北京首钢队三次获得CBA联赛总冠军。详情>>

【时事】厦门警方将命案逃犯劳荣枝移交江西南昌警方

今天,厦门市公安局向江西省南昌市公安局移交潜逃23年,涉及三地、7条人命的命案逃犯劳荣枝。江西警方当日将劳荣枝押解回南昌。经厦门警方审查,未发现劳荣枝在潜逃厦门期间作案。 详情>>

【热议】月服避孕药动物实验获成功,将助改善发展中国家计划生育状况

今天,由波士顿布莱根妇科医院乔瓦尼·特拉弗索及麻省理工学院罗伯特·兰格的两个团队合作进行的月服短效避孕药研制工作取得重大突破。专家指出,若能将避孕药与抗艾滋病毒药物混合在同一个胶囊设置内,对于女性易感染艾滋病的发展中国家来说将会是福音。 详情>>

红板报编辑部
2019.12.05

「不服来辩」小馆开张啦!!

小馆上线一阵了,首先非常感谢大家这段时间对小馆的支持和意见 :)

短短几周,我们看到了很多大家的评论和想法。有很多观点充沛、有理有据值得收藏的内容,也看到了很多有趣好玩、惹人捧腹大笑的评论。

为了大家能在小馆说得更畅快、有更值得阅读的想法被碰撞,我们在小馆里最醒目的位置,上线了活动互动小馆「不服来辩」,供大家尽情说出心中所想。


「不服来辩」#01 罗永浩究竟是不是大忽悠?

 关于罗老师周二的发布会,点击此处了解来龙去脉,你有什么想法呢?

参与方式:

支持罗老师,请在评论区用“emoji👍+你的观点”

反对罗老师,请在评论区用“emoji👎+你的观点”

举个🌰:

“👍罗老师坚持梦想值得敬佩!老罗加油!”

“👎这不就是个大骗子,忽悠完成都政府又来忽悠商家了,谁信谁上当”

欢迎大家在评论区各抒己见,发表自己想法。获得掌声最多的辩友会有神秘惊喜等着你!

不服?就来辩!💡

新闻晚知道:今天你可能错过的大事儿

① 华为余承东表态251事件:一次全网发起的黑公关
② 滴滴青桔单车涨价,1元骑已一去不复返
③ 不满被谷歌解雇,员工决定请联邦政府主持公道

【热议】华为余承东表态251:一次全网发起的黑公关活动

12月4日,华为消费者业务CEO余承东在社交媒体转发《针对华为的黑公关狂欢》一文,对当前热议前员工事件表态。他表示,怎么看待李洪元251事件?很简单,这是非常典型的黑公关活动,而不是什么劳资纠纷的问题,而且是一次全网发起的黑公关活动。详情>>

【热议】国家重点保护动物猞猁咬死5只鸡,两男子将其打死被判刑

12月4日,在发现饲养在养殖棚内的鸡被猞猁咬死5只后,男子王某和李某一起用棒子将猞猁打死。后李某将猞猁的皮剥掉,询问无人食用后,让人把肉和皮扔到了一个废旧地窖里。经鉴定,两人杀害的猞猁是国家二级重点保护野生动物。详情>> 

【热议】内蒙古鼠疫患者密切接触者全部解除医学观察

内蒙古自治区卫生健康委员会网站12月4日消息,截至今日上午,乌兰察布市四子王旗腺鼠疫患者全部4名密切接触者医学观察期满,无发热等异常,全部解除隔离医学观察。详情>>

【国际】不满被谷歌解雇,“感恩节四杰”决定请联邦政府主持公道

当地时间12月3日,四名在上周感恩节前夕因“违反数据安全政策”被谷歌解雇的员工发表声明称,他们将向美国劳资关系委员会提起“不当劳动行为”的申诉,控告前雇主镇压工会活动,违反美国联邦劳动法。这四人认为,他们被解雇并非正常的人事变动,而是谷歌对提出意见者的打击报复。详情>>

【科技】滴滴青桔单车涨价,1元骑已一去不复返

近日,有用户发现,滴滴青桔单车“悄悄”调整了计费规则,起步价由此前的1元调整为1.5元。此外,还有调度管理费、车辆管理费等费用。事实上,今年以来,小蓝、哈啰、摩拜等都宣布了涨价消息,起步价均涨至1.5元。这也意味着,共享单车“免费骑”“1元骑”的时代或已一去不复返。详情>>

红板报编辑部
2019.12.4

荣耀xteamLab无界上海,重新定义社交影像

2019年12月2日,荣耀联合teamLab无界上海美术馆在举办荣耀V30主题日,同日以“社交影像”之名揭幕荣耀朋友圈电影节。在体验兼具唯美梦幻与未来科技感的沉浸式梦境的同时,使用荣耀5G旗舰荣耀V30,探索光影之美,捕捉比电影更美的荣耀时刻。

荣耀手机,HONOR MY WORLD

荣耀 x teamLab,打造年轻人向往的科技艺术美学

teamLab是近年全球最火的展览之一。teamLab用全新艺术手法为观众带来突破现实的沉浸式体验,探索人、科技、艺术、自然之间关系,曾被评为“全球十大必看展览之一”。 这次teamLab无界上海的展览规模不输给日本东京台场总部,50件作品中有多件属于全球首度展出。

作为年轻人的科技潮牌,荣耀不断探索科技与潮流艺术的结合,打造年轻人向往的生活方式。荣耀战略与品牌发展官张晓云表示,荣耀和teamLab有很多相似之处。teamLab是全球年轻⼈最为追捧的数字艺术博物馆,⽽荣耀是全球年轻人最为追捧的科技潮牌;teamLab致力于打造一个奇妙的数字光影世界,将科技提升为年轻人的艺术美学;而荣耀也致于打造一个5G技术的美丽新世界,将科技提升为年轻人的生活美学;teamLab是将普通看展变成沉浸式的互动体验,而荣耀将冷冰冰的科技,变成了年轻人的全场景智慧生活;teamLab是让全世界的参观者理解“艺术,没有边界”,⽽荣耀是让全世界的年轻人能成就“我的荣耀”。

荣耀战略与品牌发展官张晓云现场解读荣耀品牌

重新定义社交影像,值得分享才叫值

5G的高带宽、低时延和海量联接,将为年轻人带来前所未有的精彩生活——与恋人跨越山海的超现实互动、随时获得现场般的赛事观看体验、打破空间限制与偶像同台竞技……都将变成现实。

荣耀是为构建年轻人的精彩生活而生。荣耀的“锐科技“、“潮时尚、“青年派”,代表着对年轻人“动态自我、数字生存、社群联接、值得分享”的肯定和助力。和teamLab合作,是荣耀定位和追求的具象化。

5G时代手机摄影技术进化,让影像在年轻人的社交中扮演的角色愈发重要。“锐科技、潮时尚、青年派”这些关键词,也是荣耀对青年影像的理解。它们分别代表着影像的技术呈现、潮酷场景和青年人之间的影像分享。荣耀的青年影像是社交影像。青年人的影像不仅仅保存在手机里,属于一个人的浏览。而应该分享在社交网络里,点燃一群人的狂欢。

荣耀年度5G旗舰荣耀V30将充分展现它的锐科技力量,让年轻人用影像轻松捕捉生活的荣耀时刻,在社交中享受分享生活、表达自我的乐趣。

“荣耀朋友圈电影节”启动,生活本比电影精彩

teamLab复杂的光影条件对手机拍摄是一次挑战,荣耀V30依靠相机矩阵带来手机影像能力的极大提升,大大降低影像艺术创作门槛。有了荣耀V30强大摄影能力,朋友圈也可以举办电影节,把生活拍成最绚烂的电影。

荣耀战略与品牌发展官张晓云、荣耀锐科技大使黄景瑜等人共同启动“荣耀朋友圈电影节”

在活动现场,荣耀的品牌与战略发展官、荣耀锐科技大使黄景瑜及抖音、B站、微博等社交媒体代表共同启动了“荣耀朋友圈电影节”,亮出以“生活本比电影精彩”的主张,让每个人都可以成为自己生活的导演。

荣耀锐科技大使黄景瑜,分享荣耀V30社交影像创作心得

荣耀锐科技大使黄景瑜现场分享创作心得

荣耀锐科技大使黄景瑜,体验用荣耀V30手机拍摄短片,并在现场分享自己的创作心得。黄景瑜认为荣耀V30强大的影像能力,包括暗光拍摄、超级防抖等功能为自己的带来了更多的创作空间,能更好地捕捉信息和表达情感。他认为,生活本身就是最高级的电影,“只要我们愿意去发现,生活本比电影更精彩,生活中每个都是导演,这是我所感受到的朋友圈电影节的意义所在。”

荣耀战略与品牌发展官张晓云与荣耀锐科技大使黄景瑜

荣耀V30,把生活拍成电影

走近teamLab现场,穿越迎风荡漾的花海和流光溢彩的森林,在荣耀V30镜头下构建出如同电影世界般缤纷迷人的梦。

利用荣耀V30的超强的暗光人像拍摄能力,可在灯海中捕捉充满质感的美
复杂的光影变化下,用V30留住如梦如幻的时刻

捕捉光影与色彩,营造科技梦幻感

生活本比电影精彩,青年远比想象荣耀。荣耀5G技术、影像进化,将为年轻人的社交、创作和表达提供更大的空间,释放更多潜能,成为更好的自己。荣耀也将持续探索新的5G玩法,关注与陪伴年轻人成长,与年轻人共创“我的5G,我的荣耀”!

一间温暖的客房,希尔顿“702房间”的故事

“亲爱的Nick,我们告诉你一项会产生深远影响的决定……”,当李福友(Nick Li)走进希尔顿酒店702房间,打开来自公司的通知时,看到开头便难以平复心情——他脑海中快速闪回20多年前,那个身在四面环山的小乡村的自己。那时的他,一定想不到有一天自己和同事们能改变几百个孩子的生活,为他们带去一些光亮。

自2015年加入成都希尔顿酒店的李福友任职安保部经理,当过兵的他身上总有释放不完的正能量,每天都会提醒团队“面对宾客脸上要带着笑容”,但很多得到他热情接待的宾客并不知道他另一个身份——成都希尔顿员工志愿者团队“蓝色能量委员会”主席。他为这个担当倾注的心力一点不比安保经理少。朋友打趣说“你这副业干得比正职还起劲儿”,李福友总是开心地“回敬”一句:“我有一个‘任性’的支持者——希尔顿。”

这次,让李福友意外而感动的是,他不仅代表成都,而且代表中国,成为希尔顿“702房间”故事的主角。“702房间” 是希尔顿为致敬所有向世界传递美好精神和正能量的员工而创作的系列视频。

“我出生和成长时的中国跟现在非常不一样,”李福友回忆道,“我从小就梦想成为军人,高中读到一半便入伍,退伍后认识到文化的重要性,我又选择重新了上大学。但这却是我姐姐从来没能实现的梦想和选择。”姐姐没有福友幸运,怀揣读书梦的她为支撑家里经济只能辍学务工,这是福友一直以来对姐姐的愧疚。

姐姐为家庭的付出促使他组织希尔顿志愿者们,跋山涉水走进大山,去改善偏远山村孩子们的教育条件。他们筹集资金建立教室和图书角,让孩子们接触计算机,还说服女童家长让孩子完成学业。

公益之路不易。幸运的是,这一路上福友一直得到希尔顿的支持。作为成都希尔顿“蓝色能量委员会”的主席,福友和同事们将其公益项目的影响力从一家酒店扩大到成都区域所有希尔顿酒店,在2017、2018两度获得希尔顿“带着目的去旅行”基金奖励。两年内,团队就在山区小学内建立了10间“希尔顿图书角”、3间“多媒体爱心教室”,并捐助了众多学习和生活物资……在集团和成都地区一众酒店同事的支持下,几百个孩子开始有机会认识大山外的世界。

正值百年华诞的希尔顿,也特别设立“希尔顿效应基金”,进一步传承百年来希尔顿带给世界的积极影响。福友和他团队也在今年获得了“希尔顿效应基金”的支持,得以完成大山里一所小学余下六间教室的改造费用。

希尔顿大中华区及蒙古总裁钱进表示:“正如希尔顿‘带着目的去旅行’战略所倡导的,我们的一举一动,皆可为社会带来正面影响。福友把对亲人的爱投射到社会,让山村孩子们拥有更好的学习环境,这正是我们‘带着目的去旅行’公益理念的意义所在。希尔顿不仅关爱团队成员,同时希望通过结合团队成员和社会各界力量,共创更加美好的世界。”

百年来希尔顿致力通过旅行为宾客、员工和社会带来深远且积极的影响。在“带着目的去旅行”企业社会责任战略的指导下,希尔顿计划到2030年在全球将其环境足迹减半、社会效益投资加倍。在大中华区,希尔顿支持17城68所高校上万名学生实现公益创想;与400多所高校合作,为6,000多名学生提供实习岗位;更支持了无数像李福友一样的员工为社会和环境的发展贡献自己的力量。

点击图片观看完整视频

希尔顿集团创始人康莱德希尔顿曾将提出,“要为我们生活的世界尽自己应负的全部责任”。几代希尔顿人更以此为志,薪火相传,才让“702房间”成为温暖的客房。

新闻晚知道:今天你可能错过的大事儿

① 梅西6夺金球奖创纪录
② 《黑寡妇》全球首支先导预告片出炉
③ 张云雷就“辱程”事件道歉

【热议】伦敦桥恐袭遇难者父亲发文:不希望儿子的死被用于煽动仇恨

当地时间11月29日, 25岁的英国大学生杰克·梅里特(Jack Merritt)在伦敦桥恐袭事件中遇害。12月2日,《卫报》刊登了一篇杰克的父亲大卫·梅里特(David Merritt)所写的文章。大卫称,杰克之死被人用于进一步煽动仇恨,而这正是杰克生前致力于反对的事情。详情>>

【体育】梅西6夺金球奖创纪录,对巴萨情感胜过任何纸面协议

北京时间3日凌晨,一年一度的金球奖的颁奖典礼在法国巴黎举行。阿根廷巨星梅西个人第6次获得金球奖,成为历史上获得该奖项次数最多的球员。详情>>

【娱乐】《黑寡妇》全球首支先导预告片出炉,2020年北美上映

12月3日,漫威电影《黑寡妇》全球首支先导预告片出炉。该片将于2020年5月1日在北美上映。影片由凯特·绍特兰执导,斯嘉丽·约翰逊回归主演。故事时间线在《美国队长3》之后,也会涉及《复联》中曾提到的布达佩斯的故事。详情>>

【热议】张云雷就“辱程”事件道歉:口不择言、深感自责、诚挚道歉

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红板报编辑部
2019.12.3

7 wars that defined the decade and changed how we fight around the world

Soldiers secure an area in view of the aurora borealis during night live-fire training as part of Exercise Spartan Cerberus at Fort Greely, Alaska, October 25, 2016.US Department of Defense

  • The past decade has tested military alliances and brought on threats few could have imagined.
  • ISIS’s use of social media to recruit fighters and disseminate propaganda was unprecedented, Philippines President Rodrigo Duterte’s government has relied on Facebook disinformation to bolster support for his drug war and disparage his enemies.
  • Russia has used both Syria and Ukraine as testing fields for hardware and propaganda campaigns.

The past decade has tested military alliances and brought 0n threats few could have imagined.

In many ways, the principles of conflict never change — there is always an enemy to be vanquished, and the consequences are always tragic. But in the past decade, technology re-defined how we fight most of our conflicts.

Whether it’s artificial intelligence, disinformation, or hypersonic missiles, this decade’s conflicts have been defined by rapid technological advances — and the manipulation of technologies built for civilian use.

From North Korea’s nuclear threats to Syria’s chaotic battlefield, here are the conflicts that have defined our decade.

Ukraine has become a laboratory for Russia’s advanced warfare.

A pro-Russian soldier is back dropped by Russia’s flag while manning a machine-gun outside an Ukrainian military base in Perevalne, Ukraine.AP

George Kent, the State Department official who testified during an impeachment inquiry into President Donald Trump’s allegedly pressuring Ukraine for political dirt, told Military Times in July that Russia tests much of its battlefield equipment and tactics right next door in Ukraine.

“Ukraine is a laboratory of techniques and procedures,” Kent said.

Kent, the deputy assistant secretary of state for European and Eurasian affairs, described a sniper “school” on the frontlines of the Ukraine-Russia conflict.

“They just do on the front lines with Ukraine. Much of the equipment that they are developing that shows up elsewhere, including in Syria, they try out first in Ukraine.”

Dispatches from Vice chronicled Russia’s incursion into Ukraine starting in 2014. At the time, a popular revolution had toppled the pro-Russia leadership in Kyiv, which alarmed Russian President Vladimir Putin.

Russia annexed Crimea in 2014, and supports separatist militias in the Donbass region, on the border between Ukraine and Russia. It even has some of its own fighters mixed in with the troops, The Washington Post reports.

Russia has deployed Wagner Group mercenaries to fight in Ukraine, a tactic that it’s strategically utilizing and spreading to enhance its influence in Africa and the Middle East. The Wagner Group is now reportedly operating in Syria, Libya, Sudan, and the Central African Republic.

Russia also used hybrid warfare tactics like social media disinformation to foment distrust in the government and to generate support for Russian control of contested areas, which foretold the interference campaign Russia would run in the 2016 US presidential elecion, The Washington Post reported last year.

Syria’s longstanding quagmire of a civil war has gone through several battlefield iterations.

U.S. forces patrol Syrian oil fields, in eastern Syria, in late October.Associated Press

The Syrian conflict has stretched on for eight years, pulling in players as disparate as Russia, Iran, Turkey, Israel, and the US, as well as creating the ideal conditions for the rise of ISIS.

It’s also become another testing ground for tactics and technology.

As Russia, backing the Assad regime, asserts more power in Syria, it’s also become a proving ground for new Russian technologies.

“Syria is not a shooting range for Russian weapons, but we are still using them there, our new weapons,” Russian President Vladimir Putin said in a public address last year.

“When we started to use these modern weapons, including missiles, whole teams from our defense industry companies went to Syria, and worked there on-site — it is extremely important for us — to finalize them and figure out what we can count on when using them in combat conditions.”

Russian state media outlet TASS reported in 2018 that Russia had tested 210 weapons in Syria. In December of that year. Russian Deputy Prime Minister Yury Borisov told Russian media that the Russian military had begun using the Tupolev Tu-160 supersonic stretegic bombers, the Iskander-M ballistic missile system, and the Pantsir S1 anti-aircraft missile in Syria.

But innovation has gone the other way, too — the Russian military has started developing small drones equipped with ordnance after seeing ISIS deploy them in Syria.

And in the conflict that’s morphed from a popular uprising against a dictatorial dynasty, swelling in the intoxicating first flush of the Arab Spring, to become synonymous with desperation, despair, displacement, and brutality. Bashar al-Assad, whose regime is consistently plumbing the depths of inhumanity, is still in power; and astoundingly, due to the latest failure in American policy, stands to regain control of much of what his regime lost, first to rebels, then to ISIS, then to Kurdish-led forces backed by US troops.

ISIS changed the game with its social media recruiting strategy.

In this March 30, 2014 photo, Islamic State group militants hold up their flag as they patrol in a commandeered Iraqi military vehicle in Fallujah, Iraq.Associated Press

Although ISIS is determined to force its followers back into the Middle Ages, it has employed a strikingly 21st-century approach to recruitment, depending heavily on social media to reach followers, especially those from the west.

Larger social media companies like Twitter have cracked down on the group’s accounts since it first rose to prominence in 2014. But the group moved on to encrypted social networks like Telegram, the encrypted chat platform. CBS reported in 2019 that the 2015 Paris terror attacks were planned using the messaging app.

It’s popular because it claims to be secure, and “Telegram is less likely to crack down” on ISIS groups or members than other social companies, according to Daniel Byman, a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution’s Center for Middle East Policy and the author of “Road Warriors: Foreign Fighters in the Armies of Jihad.”

There has been a coordinated effort to remove ISIS channels from Telegram, which has had limited success, according to a new piece in Wired. Researchers Charlie Winter and Amarnath Amarsingham describe the shell ISIS networks that have popped up after the European Union’s Internet Referral Unit (IRU) blitzed the main ISIS propaganda and foll0wer accounts over the weekend, and at least some ISIS accounts have shown up on the network TamTam.

Speaking to Wired in 2016, New York Times reporter Rukmini Callimachi described how she tracks stories about ISIS and its members online, saying that the group pushed out information on multiple channels simultaneously to reach potential jihadis, or to push out their gruesome propaganda videos. “They’ve become so good at it, it’s unbelievable.”

President Rodrigo Duterte’s drug war in the Philippines has killed thousands and shocked human rights advocates.

Then-presidential candidate Rodrigo “Digong” Duterte talks to the media before casting his vote at a polling precinct for national elections at Daniel Aguinaldo National High School in Davao city in southern Philippines, May 9, 2016.Erik De Castro/Reuters

Duterte propelled himself to the presidency in 2016 by promising an end to the drug problem in the Philippines. But his method — thousands of extrajudicial killings — elicited a response from the UN, calling for an investigation into his government’s brutal methods.

The Philippines, a US ally in the South China Sea, is killing its civilians without a fair trial. The government acknowledges killing roughly 5,000 people in this effort, but human rights groups say the real number is many times that.

Authorities also arrest those who are critical. Maria Ressa, of the news organization Rappler, has been arrested multiple times coming to and from the Philippines after critical reporting on the Duterte government and its drug war.

Ressa herself uncovered Facebook disinformation campaigns against her, which were tied to Duterte’s government, The Washington Post reported earlier this year.

In the Philippines, where about 95% of citizens who are online use Facebook, the ability to spread misinformation and target specific individuals like Ressa and other journalists is heightened.

Facebook has become an increasingly powerful weapon in Duterte’s war on drugs, and his war against the truth. As BuzzFeed reported last year, many Filipinos use Facebook for news because it’s free; Duterte and his government have used that to their advantage to drum up spport for his brutal policies and ruin his opponents.

China’s well on its way to surpassing the US military, thanks to technological investment — and good, old-fashioned intellectual property theft.

Jon Woo/Reuters

China has emerged as a significant rival to the US on the battlefield. While the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) doesn’t have quite as much firepower as the US military — it’s ranked third on Global Firepower’s list of the most powerful militaries, while the US is first — experts are warning that China is quickly catching up to the US, and set to overtake the military technologically.

Speaking at an event at the Council on Foreign Relations in September, retired Adm. William McRaven, who oversaw the SEAL raid on Osama bin Laden’s Abbottabad, Pakistan compound,  said that the US is facing a “holy s— moment” because of China’s rapid and expansive technological buildup. It’s dominating in the fields of 5G and artificial intelligence (AI), and advancing in the development of hypersonic weapons.

China’s rise on the battlefield coincides with its economic dominance and an aggressive strategy that incorporates significant state funding into research and development. But China has also been accused of stealing classified national security informaiton from the US.

The biggest intellectual property theft in human history” is how Defense Secretary Mark Esper put China’s strategy of allegedly stealing or copying the plans for weapons like the F-35 stealth fighter.

North Korea has amped up its weapons testing under Kim Jong Un, pushing it closer to the brink of war with the US.

US President Donald Trump and North Korea’s leader Kim Jong-un talk before a meeting in the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) on June 30, 2019, in Panmunjom, Korea.BRENDAN SMIALOWSKI/AFP/Getty Images

Since Kim Jong Un came to power in 2011, succeeding his father Kim Jong Il, the North Korean leader has sent increasingly threatening signals to the US by developing and testing nuclear weapons.

Kim has overseen four nuclear weapons tests during his tenure, as well as significant and rapid reported developments in its nuclear programs, includng the reported ability to miniaturize warheads and the development of intercontinental ballistic missiles (IBCMs) that could, the country claims, strike the continental United States.

As talks between the US and North Korea have broken down under Trump, North Korea has sent threatening messages to the US, indicating that time is running out for the US to offer North Korea something it wants — like the easing of sanctions, or a promise to decrease its military presence on the Korean peninsula — before the hermit kingdom resumes ever more threatening weapons testing. 

Iran’s strategy of employing proxy militias in wars throughout the Middle East has helped destabilize the region and fueled some of the worst conflicts there.

Members of the Iranian revolutionary guard march during a parade to commemorate the anniversary of the Iran-Iraq war (1980-88), in Tehran September 22, 2011.REUTERS/Stringer/File Photo

Hezbollah, the most well-known Iranian proxy militia, has been operating in Lebanon since the 1980s, where they wield undeniable influence in the government and in conflict with neighboring Israel.

But in the past decade, Iran has been inserting itself into devastating regional conflicts to cement its influence and engage in proxy conflicts with its regional foes, Israel and Saudi Arabia.

Hezbollah militants begam streaming into Syria mostly in 2013 and 2014 in support of the Assad regime, which serves as a “vital conduit between Iran and Hezbollah,” allowing for Iranian cash and materiel to get to Hezbollah, but also providing a safe location for training and weapons storage, according to a 2014 report from the Institute for the Study of War.

In Yemen, Iran supports the Houthi rebels against the Saudi-backed, internationally-recognized government, in a five-year civil war that has become a humanitarian catastrophe, with the death toll around 100,000 and disease, starvation, and poverty racking the population.

And in Iraq, Shia militias with ties to Iran fight under the banner of the Popular Mobilization Forces, or PMF. There have been some attempts to integrate the PMF into the regular Iraqi forces, but they are as yet unsuccessful, or only marginally so.

The PMF — and therefore Iran — also has outsize influence in Iraqi politics, which is troubling to many Iraqi citizens and has inflamed protests all over the country since October.

Source Link: https://www.businessinsider.com/7-wars-defined-decade-changed-what-it-means-to-fight-2019-11?international=true&r=US&IR=T#irans-strategy-of-employing-proxy-militias-in-wars-throughout-the-middle-east-has-helped-destabilize-the-region-and-fueled-some-of-the-worst-conflicts-there-7

Amazon fires are causing glaciers in the Andes to melt even faster

If you have turned on a TV or read the news during the past few months, you have probably heard of the widespread fires that wrought havoc on the Amazon rainforest this year. Fires occur in the rainforest every year, but the past 11 months saw the number of fires increase by more than 70% when compared with 2018, indicating a major acceleration in land clearing by the country’s logging and farming industries.

The smoke from the fires rose high into the atmosphere and could be seen from space. Some regions of Brazil became covered in thick smoke that closed airports and darkened city skies.

As the rainforest burns, it releases enormous amounts of carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and larger particles of so-called “black carbon” (smoke and soot). The phrase “enormous amounts” hardly does the numbers justice – in any given year, the burning of forests and grasslands in South America emits a whopping 800,000 tonnes of black carbon into the atmosphere.

This truly astounding amount is almost double the black carbon produced by all combined energy use in Europe over 12 months. Not only does this absurd amount of smoke cause health issuesand contribute to global warming but, as a growing number of scientific studies are showing, it also more directly contributes to the melting of glaciers.

In a new paper published in the journal Scientific Reports, a team of researchers has outlined how smoke from fires in the Amazon in 2010 made glaciers in the Andes melt more quickly.South America: the Andes mountains run along the western edge of the Amazon basin (centre). AridOcean / shutterstock

When fires in the Amazon emit black carbon during the peak burning season (August to October), winds carry these clouds of smoke to Andean glaciers, which can sit higher than 5,000 metres above sea level.

Despite being invisible to the naked eye, black carbon particles affect the ability of the snow to reflect incoming sunlight, a phenomenon known as “albedo”. Similar to how a dark-coloured car will heat up more quickly in direct sunlight when compared with a light-coloured one, glaciers covered by black carbon particles will absorb more heat, and thus melt faster.

By using a computer simulation of how particles move through the atmosphere, known as HYSPLIT, the team was able to show that smoke plumes from the Amazon are carried by winds to the Andes, where they fall as an invisible mist across glaciers. Altogether, they found that fires in the Amazon in 2010 caused a 4.5% increase in water runoff from Zongo Glacier in Bolivia.The Zongo glacier is found on the slopes of Huayna Potosi, one of Bolivia’s highest mountains. Ryan Michael Wilson / shutterstock

Crucially, the authors also found that the effect of black carbon depends on the amount of dust covering a glacier – if the amount of dust is higher, then the glacier will already be absorbing most of the heat that might have been absorbed by the black carbon. Land clearing is one of the reasons that dust levels over South America doubled during the 20th century.

Glaciers are some of the most important natural resources on the planet. Himalayan glaciers provide drinking water for 240m people, and 1.9 billion rely on them for food. In South America, glaciers are crucial for water supply – in some towns, including Huaraz in Peru, more than 85% of drinking water comes from glaciers during times of drought. However, these truly vital sources of water are increasingly under threat as the planet feels the effects of global warming. Glaciers in the Andes have been receding rapidly for the last 50 years.

The tropical belt of South America is predicted to become more dry and arid as the climate changes. A drier climate means more dust, and more fires. It also means more droughts, which make towns more reliant on glaciers for water.

Unfortunately, as the above study shows, the fires assisted by dry conditions help to make these vital sources of water vanish more quickly. The role of black carbon in glacier melting is an exceedingly complex process – currently, the climate models used to predict the future melting of glaciers in the Andes do not incorporate black carbon. As the authors of this new study show, this is likely causing the rate of glacial melt to be underestimated in many current assessments.

With communities reliant on glaciers for water, and these same glaciers likely to melt faster as the climate warms, work examining complex forces like black carbon and albedo changes is needed more now than ever before.

Source Link: https://theconversation.com/amazon-fires-are-causing-glaciers-in-the-andes-to-melt-even-faster-128023

新闻晚知道:今天你可能错过的大事儿

① 华为前员工因舆论压力过大,已买票回老家
② 孟晚舟被无理拘押满一年,外交部敦促放人
③ 区块链、我太难了……2019年十大流行语公布

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红板报编辑部
2019.12.2

新闻晚知道:今天你可能错过的大事儿

① 寿司之神餐厅被米其林除名
② 网易与被裁员工达成和解
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红板报编辑部
2019.11.29